New Mexico Land Grant-Mercedes

PREFACE

It is the intent of this web-page to present historical and current relevant information and links to legal documents that best assist in a basic understanding of New Mexico’s Land Grant-Merced. In New Mexico, Merced is the Spanish term for Land Grant. More specifically, it means a grant of land made by the government of Spain or by the government of Mexico to a community, town, colony or pueblo or to a person for the purpose of founding or establishing a community, town, colony or pueblo. Demonstrating, Land Grants-Mercedes have existed well before New Mexico became a State in 1912. The information presented below represents a portion of New Mexico’s settlement history, and includes references to Indian and Pueblo Nations, Spain, Mexico and the United States rural land based communities. Many of these communities continue today, and are an integral part of New Mexico’s culture, heritage, values and stewardship. The validity of Spanish and Mexican land grant adjudications continues to be discussed and debated today as legal and equitable battles over land grant claims still remain.

While there are several collections of land grant materials that are available, the resources listed below are intended to strengthen research, teaching and a basic understanding of New Mexico’s Land Grants-Mercedes.

Included on this page is information on the 27 Land Grant-Mercedes who are currently recognized as political subdivisions of the state pursuant to Sections 49-1-1 through 49-1-18 NMSA 1978, the federal report issued by the U.S. Gov’t Accounting Office, GAO-04-59, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: Findings and Possible Options Regarding Longstanding Community Land Grant Claims in New Mexico (2004), as well as the U.S. Gov’t Accountability Office, GAO-01-951, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: Definition and List of Community Land Grants in New Mexico
(2001).

Additional resources that provide a helpful starting point for land grant research are listed below.

  •  “Briefing on Land Grant-Merced History and Current Legislation” New Mexico Land Grant Council – July 2018 (United States 115th Congress 2nd Session House of Representatives; House Bill 6487 introduced by Mr. Ben Rey Lujan “Land Grant and Acequía Traditional Use Recognition and Consultation Act” 2018)
  • Private Land Claims in the Southwest” )Selections from J.J. Bowden’s 2018)
  • Somos Indigena: Ethnic Politics and Land Tenure in New Mexico, 1694-1965” (Dr. Jacobo Baca, 2021)
  • Pueblo Sovereignty: Indian Land and Water in New Mexico and Texas” (Ebright, Hendricks, Hughes)
  • Report to the New Mexico Attorney General – A Response to the GAO’s 2004 Report “Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: Findings and Possible Options regarding Long Standing Community Land Grant Claims in New Mexico” (New Mexico Land Grant Council)
  • 2003 NM Legislative INTERIM LAND GRANT COMMITTEE Sponsored by Rep. Miguel Garcia (link to NM Legislative Committees)

The Land Grant Committee was created with the signing of Laws 2003, Chapter 431. The committee is tasked with studying existing law regarding land grants; developing legislation to improve existing law; gathering testimony from land grant heirs, state agencies and other community groups from across New Mexico to understand the relationships among the different groups and the issues and concerns faced by the different groups; and working in conjunction with the Guadalupe Hidalgo task force. To carry out these tasks and statutory duties during the 2003 legislative interim, the Land Grant Committee will:

(1) review the existing law and determine the effect these laws have on land grant heirs and other groups throughout the state;
(2) hear testimony regarding the: a. history of land grants; b. relationship between land grants, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and the Protocol of Queretaro; c. current statutes and governance of community land grants; d. economic development of land grants; e. issues concerning land grants and Native Americans; and f. current legal status of land grants in New Mexico;
(3) conduct visits to various land grants to determine the conditions and specific problems facing the residents;
(4) work with the Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty Division of the Office of the Attorney General to resolve state constitutional and statutory legal issues regarding land grants; and
(5) recommend necessary changes in current law or policy to the legislature.

Citations and Narratives J.D. Baca Research Historian, New Mexico Land Grant Council. New Mexico Land Grant and Acequia Historian. (“Somos Indígena: Ethnic Politics and Land Tenure in New Mexico, 1694-1965.” Ph.D. Dissertation. University of New Mexico, 2015.)

Land Grant Origins J. J. Bowden “Private Land Claims in the Southwest.” Masters of Laws Thesis. Southern Methodist University, 1969.

Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status Program Manager, New Mexico Land Grant Council. “Land Grant-Merced & Partitions of Land Grants-Mercedes Governed by the Provisions of Chapter 49-1-1 through 49-1-18 NMSA 1978.”

OAG Treaty Division Logistics Ricardo Dow y Anaya, PhD
(Titles provided; for complete document refer to *OAG Treaty Division Platform of Information)

New Mexico Land Grant-Merced Platform of Information

(Approved or Pending Approval as of April 1, 2023)
(Dates posted below, from J.J. Bowden, are to present the historical origins of respective land grant-merced.)

J.J. Bowden TABLE OF CONTENTS

Per J.J. Bowden, dates posted below present the historical origins of respective land grant-merced.

*Please click here and refer to the New Mexico Land Grant Merced Platform of Information

1598 – SEVILLETA GRANT/SEVILLETA DE LA JOYA GRANT page 103

1692 – SANTA CRUZ GRANT page 91

1702 – TOWN OF JACONA GRANT page 128

1703 – SEBASTIÁN MARTÍN GRANT page 101

1707 – BARTOLOMÉ SÁNCHEZ GRANT page 13

1710 – CRISTÓBAL DE LA SERNA GRANT page 32

1716 – ANTONIO MARTÍNEZ GRANT page 5

1724 – JUAN JOSÉ LOVATO GRANT/JUAN JOSÉ LOBATO GRANT page 43

1739 – TOWN OF TOMÉ GRANT page 149

1743 – SANTO DOMINGO DE CUNDIYÓ GRANT page 99

1744 – TOWN OF ABIQUIÚ GRANT/MERCED DEL PUEBLO DE ABIQUIÚ page 110

1746 – TOWN OF CEBOLLETA page 118

1751 – TOWN OF LAS TRAMPAS GRANT page 131
SANTO TOMAS APÓSTOL DEL RÍO DE LAS TRAMPAS GRANT

1754 – NUESTRA SEÑORA DEL ROSARIO, SAN FERNANDO Y SANTIAGO GRANT page 53
NUESTRA SEÑORA DEL ROSARIO, SAN FERNANDO Y SANTIAGO DEL RÍO DE LAS TRUCHAS GRANT

1760 – PIEDRA LUMBRE GRANT page 64

1765 – SAN ANTONIO DE LAS HUERTAS GRANT page 69

1768 – TOWN OF ATRISCO GRANT page 114

1782 – MESITA DE JUANA LÓPEZ GRANT page 49

1790 – OJO CALIENTE GRANT page 55

1794 – SAN MIGUEL DEL VADO GRANT/SAN MIGUEL DEL BADO GRANT page 78

1796 – DON FERNANDO DE TAOS GRANT page35

1796 – SANTA BÁRBARA GRANT page 89

1798 – CAÑÓN DE SAN DIEGO GRANT page 24

1806 – CAÑÓN DE CHAMA GRANT/SAN JOAQUÍN DEL RÍO DE CHAMA GRANT page 21

1807 – JUAN BAUTISTA VALDEZ GRANT/JUAN BAUTISTA BALDÉS GRANT page 39

1813 – ARROYO HONDO GRANT page 8
            Arroyo Hondo Arriba Partition Land Grant

1813 – LOS TRIGOS GRANT page 46

1818 – CAÑÓN DE CARNUÉ GRANT page 18

1820 – SAN PEDRO GRANT page 82

1822 – ANTON CHICO GRANT page 1

1824 – TOWN OF TECOLOTE GRANT page 147

1829 – TOWN OF MANZANO GRANT page 139

1832 – TIERRA AMARILLA GRANT page 107

1833 – TOWN OF CUBERO GRANT page 124

1834 – TOWN OF TAJIQUE GRANT page 145

1835 – TOWN OF LAS VEGAS GRANT page 134
             Los Vigiles Partition Land Grant
             Lower Gallinas Partition Land Grant
             San Augustine Partition Land Grant

1835 – TOWN OF MORA GRANT/ SANTA GERTRUDIS LO DE MORA GRANT page 142

1836 – PETACA GRANT page 58

1836 – CAÑÓN DEL RÍO COLORADO page 28

1841 – TOWN OF CHILILÍ GRANT page 121

1841 – TOWN OF TORREÓN GRANT page 151

1842 – SAN ANTONIO DEL RÍO COLORADO GRANT page 75

1843 – SANGRE DE CRISTO GRANT page 85

1851 – PLAZA DE GUADALUPE GRANT page 67

New Mexico Land Grant-Merced Political Subdivisions

1710     Cristóbal                      Danial Maes, President  

Cristóbal de la Serna Land Grant    
Citation Cristóbal de la Serna (1894 survey plat map) 1894 survey plat of the Cristobal de la Serna Grant (detail), John H. Walker, U.S. Deputy Surveyor. Court of Private Land Claims, Report No. 21. Spanish Archives of New Mexico Series I.  National Archives Record Group 49: General Land Office Records. (J.D. Baca)
Narrative Cristóbal de la Serna Land Grant was Granted by Spanish Governor Joseph Chacón Medina Salazar y Villaseñor to Cristóbal de la Serna, a veteran of the presidio in Santa Fe, in 1710.  After his death in 1724, de la Serna’s heirs sold the Grant to Diego Romero, whose family drew settlers from Pueblo Quemado (present-day Córdova, NM) and settled several communities on the Grant, including Talpa, Ranchos de Taos, and Llano Quemado, whose name they drew from their ancestral lands.  In 1876, more than 300 heads of households petitioned for the confirmation of the Grant, which boasted a population of over 1,500 people.  Despite an 1888 recommendation for approval from the Surveyor General, Congress took no action on the claim and the community petitioned the Court of Private Land Claims for confirmation in 1892.  The Grant was patented in 1903 for more than 22,000 acres but lost land when the Cristóbal de la Serna Grant faced taxation of their property, leading to plain table surveys that forced them to individualize the commons into parcels called liñas or lineas).  These liñas ran the entire length of the Grant, from the Rio Grande del Rancho on the north to Picurís Peak on the south.  This enabled the County to assess taxes to individuals, thus guaranteeing their payment or the loss of the land, but destroyed the common land by individualizing communal lands, which were subdivided into unusable tracts over the next one hundred years. (J.D. Baca)
Origins Bowden page32
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status 
The Cristobal de la Serna Land Grant-Merced, situated in Taos County, was confirmed by the court of private land claims in 1892 and patented by the United States to the Cristobal de la Serna Land Grant issued on January 19, 1903, serial patent document number 1191903, and by the United States bureau of land management as “Serna Cristoval” serial number NMNMAA 0088014, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1, NMSA 1978.”

 1739     Tomé                        Andrea Padilla, President

Town of Tomé Land Grant
Citation Merced del Pueblo de Tomé – 1871 patent, Town of Tomé Land Grant, April 5, 1871.  Courtesy of the Town of Tomé Land Grant, Tomé, NM. (J.D. Baca)
Origins Bowden page149
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved
The Town of Tome Land Grant-Merced, situated in Valencia County, confirmed by Congress in 1858 and patented by the United States to the Town of Tome, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 (1 through 49-1-18) NMSA 1978.

1743     Santo Domingo        Carlos Vigil, President

Santo Domingo de Cundiyó Land Grant
Origins Bowden page99
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved
The Santo Domingo de Cundiyo Land Grant-Merced, situated in Santa Fe County, confirmed by the court of private land claims in 1900 and patented by the United States to the confirmees of the Santo Domingo de Cundiyo Grant in 1903, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 NMSA 1978. 

1744     Abiquiú                        Victoria García, President

Merced del Pueblo Abiquiú
Citation Merced de Pueblo Abiquiú (1909 patent map) 1909 patent map of Town of Abiquiú Land Grant Patent, Thomas B. Catron Collection, MSS 29, Center for Southwest Research, University Libraries, University of New Mexico. (J.D. Baca)
Origins Bowden page110
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved
The Abiquiu Land Grant-Merced, also known as the Merced del Pueblo Abiquiu and Town of Abiquiu Land Grant, situated in Rio Arriba County, was confirmed by the Court of private land claims in 1894 and patented by the United States to the Board of Grant commissioners of the Abiquiu Grant in 1909, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 NMSA 1978. 

1746     Cebolleta                   Marty Molina, President

Cebolleta Land Grant 
Origins Bowden page118
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved
The Cebolleta Land Grant-Merced, also known as the Town of Cebolleta Land Grant, situated in Cibola County, confirmed by Congress in 1869 and patented by the United States to the Town of Cebolleta Land Grant in 1882, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 NMSA 1978. 

1751     Las Trampas           Alex J. López, President

Santo Tomás Apóstol del Río de las Trampas Land Grant 
Citation Las Trampas (1751 testimonio) 1751 testimonio, Granting the Santo Tomás Apóstol del Río del Trampas Land Grant to petitioners, Surveyor General of New Mexico Records, Report No. 27. Spanish Archives of New Mexico Series I.  National Archives Record Group 49: General Land Office Records. (J.D. Baca)
Origins Bowden page131
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved
The Santo Tomas Apostol del Rio de Las Trampas Land Grant-Merced, situated in Taos County, also known as the Town of Las Trampas Land Grant, was confirmed by Congress in 1860 and patented by the United States to the Town of Las Trampas Grant in 1903, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 NMSA 1978.

 1765     San Antonio             Augustine Lucero, President

San Antonio de Las Huertas Land Grant
Citation San Antonio de las Huertas – 1765 petition by Juan Gutiérrez, on behalf of himself and eight other families, to Governor Tomás Vélez Cachupín for the San Antonio de las Huertas Land Grant, Surveyor General of New Mexico Records, Report No. 144. Spanish Archives of New Mexico Series I.  National Archives Record Group 49: General Land Office Records. (J.D. Baca)
Citation San Antonio de las Huertas – 1901 survey map of the San Antonio de las Huertas Grant, December 21, 1900, to January 8, 1901, Levi S. Preston, U.S. Deputy Surveyor. General Land Office Records, Bureau of Land Management, New Mexico State Office, Santa Fe. (J.D. Baca)
Origins Bowden page69
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved
The San Antonio de las Huertas Land Grant-Merced, also known as the Merced de San Antonio de las Huertas, situated in Sandoval County, confirmed by the court of private land claims in 1897 and patented by the United States to the San Antonio de las Huertas Grant claimants in 1907, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 NMSA 1978. 

1768     Atrisco                   President, TBD

Merced del Pueblo de Atrisco
Citation Merced del Pueblo de Atrisco – 1896 survey map 1896 survey of the Town of Atrisco Grant, October 8-26, 1896, George H. Pradt, U.S. Deputy Surveyor. General Land Office Records, Bureau of Land Management, New Mexico State Office, Santa Fe. (J.D. Baca)
Bowden, page114
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved
The Town of Atrisco Land Grant-Merced, situated in Bernalillo County, confirmed by the court of private land claims in 1894 and patented by the United States to the Town of Atrisco in 1905, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49; 49-1-1 (through 49-1-18) NMSA 1978. Provided that the board of trustees shall not have regulatory jurisdiction over, and the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 NMSA 1978 shall not apply to or govern, any lands or interests in real property the title to which is held by any other person, including a public or private corporation, partnership or limited liability company.  

1794     San Miguel             President, TBD

San Miguel del Bado Land Grant – San Miguel Del Vado Grant/San Miguel Del Bado Grant
Citation San Miguel del Bado – 1879 survey map 1879 survey plat of the Lorenzo Marquez Grant of the San Miguel del Bado Tract, November-December 1879, John Shaw, U.S. Deputy Surveyor, General Land Office Records, Bureau of Land Management, New Mexico State Office, Santa Fe. (J.D. Baca)
Origins Bowden page78
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved
The San Miguel del Bado Land Grant-Merced, also known as the Merced de San Miguel del Bado, situated in San Miguel County, was confirmed by the Court of private land claims in 1894 and patented by the United States to the board of the San Miguel del Bado Grant in 1910, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 NMSA 1978.

1796     Santa Bárbara                Bonifacio Vásquez, President

Santa Bárbara Land Grant
Citation Santa Barbara Land Grant – 1796 petition, Granting and possession documents, Santa Bárbara Land Grant, January 1796, Surveyor General of New Mexico Records, Report No. 114. Spanish Archives of New Mexico Series I.  National Archives Record Group 49: General Land Office Records. (J.D. Baca)
Origins Bowden page89
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved
The Santa Barbara Land Grant-Merced, also known as la Merced de Santa Barbara, situated in Taos County, confirmed by the court of private land claims in 1894 and patented by the United States to the heirs of the Santa Barbara Grant in 1905, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 NMSA 1978. 

1796     Taos                        Alan Medina, President

Don Fernando de Taos Land Grant 
Citation Don Fernando de Taos – survey map – 1901 plat survey plat of the Don Fernando de Taos Land Grant, June 8, 1901, Jay Turley, U.S. Deputy Surveyor. General Land Office Records, Bureau of Land Management New Mexico State Office Santa Fe. (J.D. Baca)
Origins Bowden page35
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved
The Don Fernando de Taos Land Grant-Merced, situated in Taos County, confirmed by the court of private land claims in 1897 and patented by the United States to the confirmees of the Don Fernando de Taos Grant in 1907, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 NMSA 1978. 

1806     San Joaquín              Leonard Martínez, President

San Joaquín del Río de Chama Land GrantCañón De Chama Grant/San Joaquín Del Río De Chama Grant
Citation San Joaquín del Río de Chama – (petition) Original petition by Francisco Salazar, on behalf of twenty-eight other families, for the Cañón del Río Chama Grant, 1806, Surveyor General of New Mexico Records, Report No. 71. Spanish Archives of New Mexico Series I.  National Archives Record Group 49: General Land Office Records. (J.D. Baca)         
Origins Bowden page21
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved
The San Joaquin del Rio de Chama Land Grant-Merced, also known as the Merced de San Joaquin del Rio de Chama and the Canon de Chama Land Grant-Merced, situated in Rio Arriba and Sandoval counties, confirmed by the court of private land claims in 1894 and patented by the United States to the heirs of the Canon de Chama Grant in 1905, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 NMSA 1978.

1807     Baldez                     Higinia Gallegos, President

Juan Bautista Baldez Land Grant 
Citation Juan Bautista Valdez Grant/Juan Bautista Baldés Grant
Juan Bautista Baldes (1807 petition) 1807 petition for Juan Bautista Valdez Grant, Surveyor General of New Mexico Records, Report No. 113. Spanish Archives of New Mexico Series I.  National Archives Record Group 49: General Land Office Records. (J.D. Baca)
Origins Bowden page39
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved
The Juan Bautista Baldes Land Grant-Merced, also known as the Merced Comunitara de Juan Bautista Baldes, situated in Rio Arriba County, confirmed by the court of private land claims in 1898 and patented by the United States to the heirs of Juan Bautista Baldes in 1913, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 NMSA 1978. 

1813     Taos                      Juaquin Argüello, President

Arroyo Hondo Ariba Grant
Citation The Arroyo Hondo Arriba Community Land Grant-Merced, also known as the community of San Antonio and as the community of Valdez, situated in Taos County, was established in 1823 and whose heirs were recognized as the fee simple owners of Grant’s common lands by the eighth judicial district court of New Mexico in 1914, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 NMSA 1978.
Origins Bowden page8
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved 

1818     Carnué            J.J. Herrera, President

Cañon de Carnué Land Grant 
Citation Merced del Pueblo de Cañon de Carnue – 1903 patent (portion) February 2, 1903, First page of the patent for the Cañón de Carnué Land Grant, issued February 2, 1903, courtesy of the Cañón de Carnué Land Grant, Carnué, New Mexico. (J.D. Baca)
Origins Bowden page18
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved
The Canon de Carnue Land Grant-Merced, situated in Bernalillo County, confirmed by the court of private land claims in 1894 and patented by the United States to the confirmees of the Canon de Carnue Grant in 1903, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 NMSA 1978. 

1822     Anton Chico              Stoney Jaramillo, President

Anton Chico Land Grant 
Citation: The Anton Chico Land Grant-Merced, also known as the Town of Anton Chico Land Grant, situated in Guadalupe and San Miguel counties, confirmed by Congress in 1860 and patented by the United States to the Town of Anton Chico in 1883, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 NMSA 1978.
Origins Bowden page1
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved

1824     Tecolote                 President, TBD

Tecolote Land Grant
Origins Bowden page147
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved
The Tecolote Land Grant-Merced, also known as the Town of Tecolote, situated in San Miguel County, confirmed by Congress in 1858 and patented by the United States to the Town of Tecolote in 1902, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, 49-1-1 through 49-1-18 NMSA 1978. 

1829     Manzano                  Jason Quintana, President

Merced de Manzano                              
Citation Merced del Pueblo de Manzano Grant (1907 patent) 1907 patent for the Town of Manzano Land Grant, February 8, 1907, General Land Office Records, Bureau of Land Management, New Mexico State Office, Santa Fe. (J.D. Baca)
Origins Bowden page139
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved
The Manzano Land Grant-Merced, also known as la Merced del Manzano Land Grant-Merced, situated in Torrance County, confirmed by Congress in 1860 and patented by the United States to the Town of Manzano in 1907, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 NMSA 1978. 

1832     Tierra Amarilla               Steve Polaco, President

Merced de los Pueblos de Tierra Amarilla
Citation Merced de los Pueblos de Tierra Amarilla (1876 survey)
1876 survey map of Tierra Amarilla Land Grant by U.S. Deputy Surveyors Daniel Sawyer and William H. McBroom, New Mexico State Records Center and Archives, Santa Fe. (J.D. Baca)
Origins Bowden page107
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved
The Tierra Amarilla Land Grant-Merced, also known as the Merced de los Pueblos de Tierra Amarilla, situated in Rio Arriba County, confirmed by Congress in 1860 and patented by the United States to Francisco Martinez in 1881, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 NMSA 1978. 

1833     Cubero                   James Chávez, President

Cubero Land Grant 
Citation Merced del Pueblo de Cubero (1840 petition) 1840 letter, detailing justice of the peace Clemente Sarracino attesting to lands of the Cubero Land Grant, Surveyor General of New Mexico Records, Report No. 151. Spanish Archives of New Mexico Series I.  National Archives Record Group 49: General Land Office Records. (J.D. Baca)
Origins Bowden page124
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved
The Cubero Land Grant-Merced, also known as the Town of Cubero Land Grant, situated in Cibola County, confirmed by the court of private land claims in 1892 and patented by the United States to the confirmees of the Town of Cubero Grant in 1900, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 NMSA 1978.

1834     Tajique              Andrew Gutiérrez, President

Tajique Land Grant 
Citation Merced del Pueblo de Tajique – 1877 survey map 1877 survey plat of the Town of Tajique Grant, February 1877, Daniel Sawyer and Stephen McElroy, U.S. Deputy Surveyors, General Land Office Records, Bureau of Land Management, New Mexico State Office, Santa Fe. (J.D. Baca)
Origins Bowden page145
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved
The Tajique Land Grant-Merced, also known as the Town of Tajique Land Grant, situated in Torrance County, confirmed by Congress in 1860 and patented by the United States to the confirmees of the Town of Tajique Land Grant in 1912, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 NMSA 1978. 

1835     Las Vegas

         Los Vigiles Land Grant-Merced                President, TBD                                                      

The Los Vigiles Land Grant-Merced situated in San Miguel County was partitioned from the Town of Las Vegas Grant through a deed of indenture issued by the board of trustees for the Las Vegas Grant and approved by the fourth judicial district of New Mexico in 1951, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 NMSA 1978.
Origins Bowden page134
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved

Lower Gallinas Land Grant-Merced         President, TBD

The Lower Gallinas Land Grant-Merced, situated in San Miguel County, was partitioned from the Town of Las Vegas Grant through a deed of indenture issued by the board of trustees for the Las Vegas Grant in 1951 and approved by the fourth judicial district of New Mexico, the approval of which was reaffirmed by the court in 1997, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 NMSA 1978.
Origins Bowden page134
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved

San Augustin Land Grant-Merced           President, TBD

The San Augustin Land Grant-Merced, situated in San Miguel County, was partitioned from the Town of Las Vegas Grant through a deed of indenture issued by the board of trustees for the Las Vegas Grant and approved by the fourth judicial district of New Mexico in 1929, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 NMSA 1978.
Origins Bowden page134
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved

1841     Chililí              Juan Sánchez, President

Merced del Pueblo de Chililí 
Citation Merced del Pueblo de Chilili Land Grant – 1909 patent the Town of Chililí Land Grant, January 18, 1909, General Land Office Records, Bureau of Land Management, New Mexico State Office, Santa Fe. (J.D. Baca)
Origins Bowden page121
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved 

1841     Torreón                 Senaida Anaya, President 

Town of Torreón – Merced del Pueblo de Torreón
Origins Bowden page151
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved
The Torreon Land Grant-Merced, also known as the Town of Torreon, situated in Torrance County, confirmed by Congress in 1860 and patented by the United States to the confirmees of the Town of Torreon Grant in 1909, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, Article 1 NMSA 1978. 

1842     Questa                  President, TBD

San Antonio del Rio Colorado
Origins Bowden page75
Political Subdivision Chapter 49 Status (C.A. Archuleta) Approved
The San Antonio del Rio Colorado Land Grant-Merced, situated in Taos County, which claim was recommended for confirmation by surveyor general James K. Proudfit in 1874 and again in 1886 by surveyor general George W. Julian, but not confirmed by Congress, shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 49, 49-1-1 through 49-1-18 NMSA 1978.