In 2003, the New Mexico Attorney General’s Office requested the first extraditions from Mexico for criminals who committed state crimes and fled to Mexico to avoid prosecution. In a historical development, Mexico granted the NMAGO’s requests and extradited homicide suspects BACK TO New Mexico to face trial.
Extraditions from Mexico are now utilized as an important law enforcement tool to bring fugitives to justice.
Article 4 the Mexican Federal Penal Code allows for the prosecution of Mexican Nationals in Mexico that have fled there to try and avoid prosecution for crimes committed in New Mexico. Since the early 1990’s the New Mexico and Mexico Attorney General’s offices have collaborated in prosecution some of New Mexico’s most heinous criminal cases according to Article 4. Thanks to the efforts of both agencies numerous Mexican Nationals are serving long prison sentences in Mexico for crimes committed in New Mexico. The Border Violence Division has created a technical assistance manual for prosecutors and law enforcement agencies entitled, “Criminal Prosecution Under Article 4 of the Mexican Federal Penal Code. The Border Violence Division has created a technical assistance manual for law enforcement and prosecutors, entitled “Criminal Prosecutions under Article 4 of the Mexican Federal Penal Code.”